In picking a safari holiday, the words the ‘Big Five’ will most likely turn up. The “Big 5” describes the most famous African animals : lion, rhinoceros, leopard, elephant and Cape buffalo. Why not the giraffe or hippo, you might ask? Are they not big enough also? Then why not the cheetah – that will be an animal you may want to see just as much as a buffalo.
Well, the phrase itself was termed by African hunters and indicates the 5 most challenging and deadly animals to hunt when walking. Obviously, Big Five safaris are certainly not linked to the unethical action of trophy/canned hunting (prohibited totally around Kenya and much more in other parts of Africa), however, the term still is employed by the majority of guides and vacationers being an easy phrase to encapsulate the must-see wildlife.
The Big Five are found in South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Namibia as well as Botswana, although not really in all of the parks thus be sure you research carefully to avoid any kind of frustration. Each African wildlife species are amazing in their own personal way.
The king of beasts, the view of an outrageous male lion is spectacular – breathtaking and wonderful, having his marvelous mane and statuesque body, along with a roar which is basically spine-tingling.
- Lions stay in pride, having a superior male heading up a pack of relevant females
- A male lion could weight to as much as 250 kilograms, with the female weighing around 180 kilograms
- Lionesses perform the most of the hunting with prey such as wildebeest, zebra, and impala
- Lions invest about 20 hours every day sleeping, and they are most lively in between sunset and dawn
- The Maasai Mara is the most renowned big cat location and provides superb lion viewing.
Huge and smart, this strong gray giant will certainly dwarf your safari car. The view of a herd of elephants is one thing to observe while seeing elephants going swimming is really a special experience.
- The elephant is the biggest living land wildlife and also a herbivore
- On the wild, elephants can live for around 50-70 years
- The African elephant is larger compared to its Asian relative and also with visibly bigger ears
- The elephant’s trunk is sensitive but powerful, and it is employed for smelling, drinking and eating and also a snorkel whenever swimming
- More than 1000 elephants are found in Amboseli, whilst Selous has more than half of Tanzania’s elephant population.
Sturdy and powerful, the Cape (or African) buffalo is among the toughest prey for predators. Having a running speed of as much as 35 mph, see in amazement while it pounds the land, causing a trail of gloomy smoke in the wake.
- Females deliver birth only during the spring season
- Group sizes are ranging to as much as 1000
- Buffalo shield their young by moving them towards the center of the pack
- Buffalo is generally seen close to floodplains and swamplands since they need water every day
- Kruger and Chobe are one of the best national parks to experience buffalo viewing.
Extremely hard to see, it’s a great feat of detective work once your eyes adapt and see the slender figure of the incredibly elusive solo leopard, camouflaged up high at a tree.
- Melanistic leopards are generally termed black panthers
- The leopard is among the similar family as the lion, tiger, and jaguar
- Leopards could hop around three meters high and climb up trees even while holding a big carcass
- To get a good possibility of finding a leopard, go to the Maasai Mara, Kruger, Serengeti, Okavango Delta or Etosha.
Wonderful and warrior-like, it does not require much imagination to visualize the threat of a rhinoceros charge. However the amazing feeling will be a more touching one – with simply four thousand left in the wild, you will be fortunate to view the endangered black rhinoceros.
- A grouping of rhinos is called a ‘crash’
- A rhinoceros could run with a speed of 30-40 mph
- Rhinos have very poor vision, however, a great sense of hearing and smell
- The real difference in between a white and black rhinoceros isn’t really their color, but their particular mouths: white rhinos have got a wide flat mouth designed for grazing while black rhinos have got a more pointed mouth designed for consuming plants.
Rhinos are commonly seen in South Africa, and also in Tsavo and Lake Nakuru, while the Ol Pejeta conservancy hosts black rhinoceros and uncommon varieties of white rhinoceros.